The "Podere di Casalta", located in Casalta di Pesa, in the municipality of Castellina, is located in the heart of Chianti, exactly on the border between the provinces of Siena and Florence. It is from the Etruscan - Roman age that there are in the Chianti rural settlements located in the small valleys formed by the numerous small watercourses, which flow into the major rivers of the region, such as the Pesa, the Greve and the Arbia.
The territory between Siena and Florence has always guaranteed favorable conditions for the use of soil for agricultural purposes: the sweetness of its hills, characterized by an average altitude of around 400 meters, has allowed men to create an environment in which agriculture, culture and nature coexisted perfectly, creating an intense and evocative landscape.
The presence of permanent settlements since ancient times is widely documented: the Etruscan mounds of Castellina and the presence of a toponymy of clear Latin origin are important signs of the existence of human settlements at least in Roman times.
It is precisely in the Municipality of Castellina, on the western slope of the upper Val di Pesa, placed at the border between the province of Florence and Siena, that two rural villages arose, both of which took the name of Grignano, (from the Latin name of an ancient owner, "Agrinius").
In correspondence of the two villages it is documented, since the XIII century, the presence of two parish churches, both belonging to the parish church of San Leolino a Panzano: the first, Santa Maria a Grignano, still existing; the second, Sant'Andrea a Grignano, which stood where today is the small conurbation of Ponte del Molin Nuovo.
In the late Middle Ages, with the spread of the poderile system, isolated settlements arose all around. One of the first was Grignanello, near which is also the rural agglomeration of Casalta di Pesa.
The beauty and richness of these areas represented, in some historical contexts, also a condemnation: the clashes between Tuscan cities to ensure control, and the taxes, of this region were a constant for so many centuries; all the Divine Comedy by Dante tells of ancient hatreds and bloody wars between the different Tuscan factions (just refer to two of the most famous characters of the opera, Farinata degli Uberti and the Count Ugolino: "The torment and the great slaughter / that he made the Arbia colored in red ", Inferno, canto X.
Between the end of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth century, the transformation of the poderile system into a farm system led to an intense construction activity, with the birth of the first farmhouses in masonry, to make the most of a land that allowed to obtain wine, oil and wheat of a unique and incomparable quality, true gifts of nature. It is in this period that the fortified rural agglomeration of Casalta di Pesa was born; was a realization dictated by a concrete need: the constant raids of the armies of Siena and Florence, which continued to contend for the fertile territories of the Chianti included between the two cities, forced to build a structure with a high defense value, which allowed keep any attacks at bay. The characters of the walls of the fortifications to the north and south and the old oven, elements still present, clearly demonstrate their respectable antiquity: they were made between the end of the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century.
The maps of the people of Sant'Andrea in Grignano, in the State Archives of Florence, show that from 1585 to 1778 Grignanello and Casalta di Pesa were part of the Florentine family's heritage of the Galileans. The coat of arms of the founder's family of the modern scientific method is present in the original part of the construction. It is very probable that Galileo Galilei spent here, in the company of his beloved daughter Virginia, long periods of reflection and forced rest, given the serious conditions to which he was subjected to the house arrest order by the Inquisition court.
The first iconographic evidence of the rural agglomeration of Casalta di Pesa dates back to 1825, when the first "Tuscan rural land register" was established. The settlement is represented in plan and is a typical example of a continuously growing farmhouse, the result of interventions implemented to respond to changing housing needs of the farm families living there. The building clearly shows this historical stratification, with the addition of factory buildings to an older nucleus, built between the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries.
An example of this is the hut on the base of the main building, which has retained its original features and is still present in the forms given to it at the time of its construction, which can be traced back to the late nineteenth century.
This building took the place of the original hut, depicted in the 19th century Catasto, whose foundation walls still visible, were used for the construction of the panoramic pool, located in a position that allows you to see the village of Panzano in the North East. ideally embrace the whole territory of the Black Rooster with the view, in absolute one of the most beautiful and evocative of our country.
Venus is a charming apartment with access from the central stone-paved court.
The living room is furnished with a comfortable sofa, a small table and a wrought iron armchair with cushions. On the other side of the room there is a lacquered wood kitchen with a charming stone wash-house. To complete the living area we find a walnut table with six wooden chairs.
Through an arch leads to the sleeping area where we find a double and a double bedroom, a bathroom and a walk-in closet. The double room, very spacious, is equipped with two wrought iron beds and an antique chest of drawers. The double bedroom, very welcoming, is furnished with a wrought iron double bed, a wardrobe decorated with Florentine lacquers and a small armchair.
The bathroom, completely covered in marble mosaic, is equipped with a shower of all the necessary equipment. The double room can be transformed into a double room: request a change at the time of bookingGet the full listing »